As an employee, you have certain rights that are protected by law. These rights are designed to ensure that you are treated fairly at work and that you have the opportunity to progress in your career.
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Some of your basic rights as an employee include the right to:
-be paid for the work you do;
-work in a safe and healthy environment;
-have fair and just working conditions;
-be treated fairly and with respect by your employer;
-join a trade union or take part in union activities; and
-receive training to help you do your job better.
What are your rights if you’re fired?
In most cases, you can be fired for any reason or for no reason at all. You do, however, have some protections under the law. For example, you can’t be fired because of your race, gender, religion, national origin, disability, or age (if you’re over 40). You also can’t be fired for taking leave under the Family Medical Leave Act or for serving on jury duty. And in some states, you may have additional protections.
If you think you’ve been wrongly fired, your first step should be to talk to your employer. If that doesn’t work and you want to take legal action, you’ll need to file a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or your state’s fair employment practices agency. The EEOC will investigate and decide whether there’s enough evidence to file a lawsuit on your behalf.
What are your rights if you’re laid off?
If you’re laid off, you’re entitled to notice or pay in lieu of notice. If you’re given notice, your employer must tell you when your last day of work will be and how much pay you’ll receive for the time you’ve already worked. If you’re not given notice, your employer must pay you for the time you’ve already worked plus any vacation pay owing to you.
You may also be entitled to severance pay if your employment is terminated. Severance pay is a lump sum payment based on how long you’ve been employed. The amount of severance pay is usually one or two weeks of pay for each year of employment, but can be more or less depending on the circumstances.
What are your rights if you’re discriminated against?
If you feel like you’re being treated unfairly at work because of your race, gender, religion, or other protected characteristic, you may be a victim of discrimination. The law protects you from discrimination in all aspects of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, promotions, and job assignments. If you’ve been discriminated against, you may be able to file a charge of discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or your state’s fair employment practices agency.
What are your rights if you’re harassed at work?
There are certain behaviors that qualify as harassment and are illegal under federal law. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) defines workplace harassment as “unwelcome conduct that is based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.”
Harassment becomes illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted).
The EEOC gives the following examples of behavior that may constitute illegal workplace harassment:
-Threatening, insulting or degrading comments
-Sexual advances, propositions or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
-Racist jokes and remarks
– Derogatory comments about an individual’s nationality
If you are being harassed at work, you have several options. You can talk to the person who is harassing you and ask them to stop. If the behavior persists, you can file a formal complaint with your human resources department. If your company has an anti-harassment policy, follow the procedures outlined in the policy.
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